Minganie is a region of space and freedom, a gigantic playground for lovers of the outdoors and nature, which offers the sea, islands, rivers, forest, mountains, wild hinterlands and beaches. It’s a diverse and grand region to discover.
THE MINGAN ARCHIPELAGO IN BRIEF
Thirty limestone islands
The largest concentration of monoliths created by erosion in Canada
More than 1000 islands and islets
It extends over a distance of more than 150 kilometres.
Unique because of its beauty of its rock monoliths and the diversity of its fauna and flora.
More than 200 bird species
450 species of plants, 190 species of lichens, 300 species of mosses.
Three species of seals frequent the archipelago: the gray seal, the harbor seal and the harp seal.
Krill and plankton abound in the archipelago. Harbour porpoise and minke whales feed on them regularly, and on occasion we can see humpback whales and fin whales. Off the Islands, you can see blue whale and dolphins.
The archipelago gave its name to the Mingan thistle discovered by brother Marie-Victorin and present on the Islands and designated as a threatened species.
L’ile au Perroquet et l’Ile à Calculot des Betchouanes are home to the Auk Puffin
450 million years ago, sediments accumulated and turned into limestone, thousands of years of erosion carved this stone and made arches, monoliths.
More than 200 species of fossils are present in the limestone rocks of Minganie.
Archaeological excavations prove that the place was frequented by the Innu more than 2000 years ago.
The Basques built ovens still visible today to melt whales fat during their hunts in the region in the 15th century
Jacques Cartier stayed in a bay he named "St. Lawrence Bay" located west of Baie-Johan-Beetz. Afterwards a cartographer made a mistake and thus the St. Lawrence River got its name.
Louis Joliet, a French explorer, set up a trading post on the eastern tip of Mingan Island.
The Mingan Islands were owned by a mining company for the exploitation of limestone, but were never mined.
The islands have been under the care of Parks Canada since 1984.